Beginning in the 1980s, the electric utility industry began to use pre-decision public participation on potentially controversial decisions such as siting of power lines, substations and power plants.
Edison Electric Institute, the trade association for investor-owned utilities, contracted with Creighton to develop a public participation manual targeted at the utility industry, and also hired Creighton to conduct a series of national training programs. Over the years Creighton updated the manual into two additional editions.
During the 1990s the biggest issue facing the utility industry was public concern about electric and magnetic fields (EMF) surrounding electric facilities. Creighton prepared a manual for the Electric Power Research Institute, and a training course for the Tennessee Valley Public Power Association. This training course won a national award from association executives.
Creighton has been actively involved in designing or conducting public participation programs for the following utilities: